To run the following shown tests, it's required that your system is IPv6 enabled, and some examples show addresses which only can be reached if a connection to the global IPv6 network is available.
Note: if using names instead of dedicated IPv4/IPv6 addresses which resolves to IPv4 and IPv6 addresses, some command line clients support explicitly use of specified protocol. Usually such clients have option ”-4” for IPv4 and ”-6” for IPv6.
Because of security updates in the last years every Domain Name System (DNS) server should run newer software which already understands the (intermediate) IPv6 address-type AAAA (the newer one named A6 isn't still common at the moment because only supported using BIND9 and newer and also the non-existent support of root domain IP6.ARPA). A simple test whether the used system can resolve IPv6 addresses is
# host -t AAAA www.join.uni-muenster.de
and should show something like following:
www.join.uni-muenster.de. is an alias for tolot.join.uni-muenster.de. tolot.join.uni-muenster.de. has AAAA address ¬ 2001:638:500:101:2e0:81ff:fe24:37c6
IPv6-ready telnet clients are available. A simple test can be done with
$ telnet 3ffe:400:100::1 80 Trying 3ffe:400:100::1... Connected to 3ffe:400:100::1. Escape character is '^]'. HEAD / HTTP/1.0 HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Sun, 16 Dec 2001 16:07:21 GMT Server: Apache/2.0.28 (Unix) Last-Modified: Wed, 01 Aug 2001 21:34:42 GMT ETag: "3f02-a4d-b1b3e080" Accept-Ranges: bytes Content-Length: 2637 Connection: close Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1 Connection closed by foreign host.
If the telnet client don't understand the IPv6 address and says something like ”cannot resolve hostname”, then it's not IPv6-enabled.
Current versions of openssh are IPv6-ready. Depending on configuring before compiling it has two behavior.
--without-ipv4-default: the client tries an IPv6 connect first automatically and fall back to IPv4 if not working
--with-ipv4-default: default connection is IPv4, IPv6 connection must be force like following example shows
$ ssh -6 ::1 user@::1's password: ****** [user@ipv6host user]$
If your ssh client doesn't understand the option ”-6” then it's not IPv6-enabled, like most ssh version 1 packages.
SSH.com's SSH client and server is also IPv6 aware now and is free for all Linux and FreeBSD machine regardless if used for personal or commercial use.
A current status of IPv6 enabled web browsers is available at Current Status of IPv6 Support for Networking Applications - HTTP.
Most of them have unresolved problems at the moment
If using an IPv4 only proxy in the settings, IPv6 requests will be sent to the proxy, but the proxy will fail to understand the request and the request fails. Solution: update proxy software (see later).
Automatic proxy settings (*.pac) cannot be extended to handle IPv6 requests differently (e.g. don't use proxy) because of their nature (written in Java-script and well hard coded in source like to be seen in Mozilla source code).
Also older versions don't understand an URL with IPv6 encoded addresses like http://[2a01:238:4281:8600:812a:5915:8d24:58f3]/, IPv6 address of http://www.ipv6.bieringer.de/ (this given URLs only works with an IPv6-enabled browser!).
A short test is to try shown URL with a given browser and using no proxy.